The Center for Alkaline-Based Energy Solutions (CABES), a Cornell University-led Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) established in 2018, is advancing the scientific understanding of electrochemical energy conversion in alkaline media at the fundamental level. Using this new knowledge, CABES aims to solve the technological challenges that have hindered the widespread integration of fuel cells into our energy infrastructure.
Although encompassing a small percentage of the subsurface volume, fractures frequently act as the primary conduits for fluid flow, solute transport, and geochemical reactions. Originating from strain localization in rock, fracture networks are critical to industrial-scale carbon mineralization, a developing technology aimed at mitigating the impacts of climate change by injecting anthropogenic CO2 into underground rock masses.
- SPECS Researchers Use Resonant X-ray Diffraction to Better Understand Ion Location in Doped Polymers
Electrochemical systems underpin many modern energy devices and have undergone extensive refinement and evolution. Central to this development is the role of conductive polymers, polymers that can conduct electricity. In the context of a world increasingly gravitating towards sustainable energy and net-zero carbon goals, conductive polymers stand out as one beacon of promise towards low-cost energy systems.
Synthetic polymers were first made in the early 20th century. These long-chain macromolecules are composed of many repeating sub-units, called monomers, and have versatile properties and applications, with their most notable use in plastics. As a result, the large-scale production of synthetic polymers has grown exponentially since the 1950s.
Hydrogen fuel, with its potential for clean energy, has been the focus of extensive research. Not only can hydrogen be burned cleanly, with only water as its byproduct, but it’s also an incredible fuel. Hydrogen's energy density surpasses that of gas or diesel by almost threefold, meaning that you could drive three times as far in a hydrogen-powered vehicle than a car using the same amount of gas.
- Deciphering Fluid Dynamics in Siliceous Nanoscale Confinements: A Path to Sustainable Energy Solutions
The continuum of energy systems from historical to futuristic paradigms is intrinsically linked to harnessing subsurface siliceous materials. Siliceous materials are abundant in naturally occurring minerals, and rocks mainly consist of SiO2 either in its amorphous form or as quartz, which we actively harness to meet our energy and resource needs.
Nancy M. Washton and Jeffrey G. Holmes, Co-editors-in-Chief
- Olivia Bird, Ensembles of Photosynthetic Nanoreactors (EPN)
- Mihail Krumov, Center for Alkaline-Based Energy Solutions (CABES)
- Haylea Nisbet, Center on Geo-processes in Mineral Carbon Storage (GMCS)
- Christine Oberhausen, Center for Plastics Innovation (CPI)
- Divya Prasad, Multi-scale Fluid–Solid Interactions in Architected and Natural Materials (MUSE)
- Spencer Yeager, Center for Soft Photo Electro Chemical System (SPECS)
Disclaimer: The opinions in this newsletter are those of the individual authors and do not represent the views or position of the Department of Energy.