The premiere inventions of the 20th century—such as the internal combustion engine, the light bulb, and the microprocessor—required careful and thorough optimization and assembly of well-designed, small-scale components at multiple stages.Lynn Trahey
The wait was over. After a year of preparing and months of anticipation, the Argonne National Laboratory-led team was awarded the coveted Batteries and Energy Storage Hub, funded by the Department of Energy’s Office of Basic Energy Sciences.Brian Doyle
A conversation with Peter Green will undoubtedly leave you inspired about the future of energy research. As director of the Department of Energy-funded Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion, Green relies on his extensive science background to help develop innovative solutions to solar and thermal energy conversion technologies.
- Kara Manke Only 8 percent of the light from your smart phone or tablet reaches your eyes. Recycling the wasted light into electricity could extend the battery life on these and other devices with liquid crystal displays. The challenge is efficiently capturing that light.
- Gyu Leem Conventional batteries cannot store solar energy and provide it when needed. New energy storage devices mean new materials with open, uniform and interconnected pores that enhance specific energy storage reactions.
- Tyler Josephson and Ralph L. House In plants, bacteria and other living things, complex molecules known as enzymes increase the speed of life-sustaining reactions, such as photosynthesis. Synthetic catalysts are rarely as efficient, but adding natural features could improve their performance.
- Dennis M. Callahan The performance of electronic devices, including laptop computers and cell phones, is often degraded because of the inefficient management of heat and energy. Squeezing more efficiency from these devices in the future will include better control of the flow of heat through them.
- Paul Giokas Adding an oxygen atom at just the right spot to change a simple hydrogen-and-carbon-packed molecule into an alcohol that can act as a fuel is a difficult proposition. The steps in between the start and finish can waste time and resources.
- Khuram Umar Ashraf Green photosynthetic bacteria can absorb a much broader range or spectrum of light than plants, which may help bacteria function when sunlight is not available. The bacteria absorb light using tiny structures known as chlorosomes.
- Ioannis (Yannis) Petousis Nanomaterials behave differently than the same material on a larger scale. Nanomaterial behaviors make them appealing as the nation works to revolutionize solar panels, fuel cells and other technologies. The challenge is making them uniform. To meet this challenge, scientists built a tool to follow the growth of individual grains.
- Brandon O'Neill Sifting through a mixture so that only select molecules react is challenging, especially when the mixture involves biofuels. Most catalyst sieves, as such materials are called, are designed with pores that are simply too small.
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- Research Highlights
Summaries of Research Highlights
- Designing Displays that Recycle Light
- Creating the Next Generation of Porous Materials
- Catalyst Design Inspired by Nature
- New Ways of Thinking About Heat Flow
- When Modifying Hydrocarbons, the Road Taken Makes All the Difference
- Creation of the “Forbidden” Bacteriochlorophyll f
- Building and Measuring the Nanoscale
- Catalytic Sieves: A New Route to Selectivity
- Dyeing for a Better Monitor
- New Synthesis Method Creates Materials with Interesting Features for Energy Storage
- Natural Structures Inspire Catalyst Designs
- Keeping It Together for Heat's Sake
- Hydrocarbons Choose Between Three Clear Paths in Their Journey to Change
- Adding Just One Carbon Atom Can Create a New Light-Harvesting Molecule
- Measuring Progress in the Nano-World
- Building a Better Way to Sift Through Biomass Molecules
- Editorial Board